To tackle these problematics, the Ministry of Local Government, through the Integrated Cities and Urban Development (ICUD) project, is providing technical assistance to the urban areas of Nablus, Ramallah-Al Bireh, Bethlehem, Hebron, and Gaza City to use Urban Performance to develop integrated and comprehensive Master Plans. In 2018, Local teams integrated by the LGU of each urban area developed and tested Master Plan drafts for the year 2035, including expansion areas aiming to protect Palestinian land. A compact growth option was also tested in order to compare benefits and drawbacks. These urban growth options were combined with various sectoral projects, like new public transportation routes, wastewater treatment plants, and energy efficiency measures.
By assessing the sectoral projects in Urban Performance, the local stakeholders were able to recognize cross-sector effects and trade-offs. For example, building the wastewater treatment plants to cover 100% of the urban area’s discharge increases the energy consumption and the running costs; but replacing the public lighting to LED technology combined with compact growth yields savings that can offset the extra costs of the wastewater treatment plants.
The results of the 2018’s exercises showed that expanding horizontally to secure the land implies twice the investment of growing compact and four times more energy. Therefore, it is crucial to strategically define where and how are the urban areas going to grow.
In 2019, the local teams continue using Urban Performance to analyze new urban growth scenarios and projects. Additionally, they are developing new indicators to assess them. The overall objective is to define new Master Plans and investment projects that can bring Palestinian urban areas closer to a sustainable path.
To read about the case for Nablus urban area, click here. You can also read the excecutive summary with the main results per urban area here.
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