Palestine, one of the highest population densities in the world and the highest annual growth rates, is facing enormous challenges to provide quality urban environments for its inhabitants.
The infrastructure is insufficient for the current population in the urban areas, resulting in inadequate wastewater and waste management and lack of public spaces.
Furthermore, the absence of inter-sector and intra-urban coordination among the Local Government Units (LGU) that comprise each urban area has resulted in incompatible land uses, horizontal expansion with employment opportunities highly concentrated in the core center, and limited and disconnected mobility options, making traffic congestion one of the most evident problems that inhabitants face as a daily basis.
In addition to these internal problematics, Palestinian’s unique historic context under the Israeli occupation limits the LGU’s capacity to plan infrastructure and development, as 65% of the Palestinian territory is under Israeli control (Area C). Particularly in the West Bank, Israeli settlements and by-pass roads within this territory continue emerging, creating a sense of urgency among the Palestinians to expand their urban areas before more land is taken.